General guidelines  
Typology of articles
Methodological structure of an article
Literature citation
Article submission guidelines

Guide to reviewers
Author / reviewer guidelines

Ethical guidelines for publication
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Updated on May 25, 2016

Cite as:
Slovenian Nursing Review: author/reviewer guidelines, manuscript submission guidelines 2016. Available at: http://www. obzornikzdravstvenenege.si/eng/ Information_for_authors.aspx
[25. 5. 2016].
Literature Citation

In academic writing the authors are required to acknowledge the sources from which they draw their information, including all statements, theories or methodologies applied. The authors should follow the Harvard referencing system (Anglia 2008) for in-text citations and in the reference list at the end of the paper. In-text citations or parenthetical citations are identified by the authors' surname and the publication year positioned within parenthesis immediately after the relevant word and before the punctuation mark: (Pahor, 2006). If a citation functions as a sentence element, the author's surname is followed by the year of publication within parenthesis: Pahor (2006). In case of two authors, their surnames are separated by a »&«: (Stare & Pahor, 2010). Up to two authors only are given in the text: (Rhodes & Pearson, 2006). If there are more than two authors, only the first author's last name is noted followed by et al. (Chen, et al., 2007). Several references are listed in the chronological sequence of publication, from the most recent to the oldest. If several references were published in the same year, the are listed in alphabetical order. Semicolon is used to separate each author: (Bratuž, 2012; Pajntar, 2013; Wong, et al., 2014).

In citing works by the same author published in the same year, a lower case letter after the date must be used to differentiate between the works: (Baker, 2002a, 2002b).

In citing secondary sources they are introduced by »cited in« (Lukič, 2000 cited in Korošec, 2014). In citing a piece of work which does not have an obvious author or the author is unknown, the in-text citation includes the title followed by Anon., and the year of publication: The past is the past (Anon., 2008). In citing a piece of work whose authorship is an organization or corporate author, the name of the organization is given, followed by the year of publication (Royal College of Nursing, 2010). If no date of publication is given, it is notified by a »no date« (Smith, n. d.). An in-text citation and a full reference must be provided for any images, illustrations, photographs, diagrams, tables or figures reproduced in the paper as with any other type of work: (Photo: Marn, 2009; source: Cramer, 2012). If a subject on a photo is recognisable, a prior informed consent for publication should be gained from the subject or from a portrayed child's parent or guardian.

All in-text citations should be listed in the reference list at the end of the document. When someone's work is cited in the text (an in-text citation), a full reference for it needs to be created at the end of the paper. The end-of-text citation or the reference list should include all published material used in the paper. Therefore, background material or further reading material which is not referred to in the running text should not be included. The reference list is arranged in alphabetical order according to authors’ last name. All in-text citations must have a corresponding detailed entry at the end of the paper in the reference list. The in-text citations and the end-of-text citation should be congruent to each other. In- text citations should not refer to unpublished sources. If there are several authors, the in-text citation includes only the last name of the first author followed by the phrase et al. and the publication date. When authors number more than six, the reference list includes the first six authors’ names followed by et al. The list of references should be in alphabetical order according to the first author's last name, character size 12pt with single spaced lines, aligned left and with 12pt spacing after references (paragraph spacing).

Cited pages are included in the in-text citation if the original segment of the text is cited (Ploč, 2013, p. 56) and in the reference list of the articles, conference papers, etc. If several pages are cited from the same source, the pages are separated by a comma (e.g. pp. 15–23, 29, 33, 84–86). If a source cited is accessible also on the World Wide Web, the bibliographic information concludes with »Available at«, followed by URL- or URN-address and a date of access in square brackets [See examples].

Citation Examples by Type of Reference

Citing books:

Hoffmann Wold, G., 2012. G. Basic geriatric nursing. 5th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier/Mosby, pp. 350–356.

Pahor, M., 2006. Medicinske sestre in univerza. Domžale: Izolit, pp. 73–80.

Ricci Scott, S., 2007. Essentials of maternity, newborn and women's health nursing. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 32–36.

Citing a book edited by one or multiple authors :

Borko, E., Takač, I., But, I., Gorišek, B. & Kralj, B. eds., 2006. Ginekologija. 2. dopolnjena izd. Maribor: Visoka zdravstvena šola, pp. 269–276.

Robida, A. ed., 2006. Nacionalne usmeritve za razvoj kakovosti v zdravstvu. Ljubljana: Ministrstvo za zdravje, pp. 10–72.

Citing a chapter/essay in a book edited by multiple authors :

Berryman, J., 2010. Statewide nursing simulation program. In: Nehring, W.M. & Lashley, F.R. eds. High-fidelity patient simulation in nursing education. Sadbury (Massachusetts): Jones and Bartlett, pp. 115–131.

Girard, N.J., 2004. Preoperative care. In: Lewis, S.M., et al. eds. Medical – surgical nursing: assessment and management of clinical problems. 6th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, pp. 360–375.

Kanič, V., 2007. Možganski dogodki in srčno-žilne bolezni. In: Tetičkovič, E. & Žvan, B. eds. Možganska kap – do kdaj? Maribor: Kapital, pp. 33–42.

Citing anonymous works (author is not given):

Anon., 2008. The past is the past: wasting competent, experienced nurses based on fear. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 34(1), pp. 6–7.

Citing works with society, association, or institution as author and publisher:

United Nations, 2011. Competencies for the future. New York: United Nations, p. 6.

Citing a journal article:

Cronenwett, L., Sherwood, G., Barnsteiner, J., Disch, J., Johnson, J., Mitchell, P., et al., 2007. Quality and safety education for nurses. Nursing Outlook, 55(3), pp. 122–131.

Papke, K. & Plock, P., 2004. The role of fundal pressure. Perinatal Newsletters, 20(1), pp. 1–2. Available at: http://www.idph.state.ia.us/hpcdp/common/pdf/perinatal_newsletters/progeny _may2004.pdf [5. 12. 2012].

Pillay, R., 2010. Towards a competency-based framework for nursing management education. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 16(6), pp. 545–554.

Snow, T., 2008. Is nursing research catching up with other disciplines? Nursing Standard, 22(19), pp. 12–13.

Citing an article from a journal supplement or issue supplement :

Halevay, D. & Vemireddy, M., 2007. Is a target hemoglobin A1c below 7% safe in dialysis patients? American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 49(2 Suppl 2), pp. S12–S154.

Regehr, G. & Mylopoulos, M., 2008. Maintaining competence in the field: learning about practice, through practice, in practice. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 28(Suppl 1), pp. S19–S23.

Rudel, D., 2007. Informacijsko-komunikacijske tehnologije za oskrbo bolnika na daljavo. Rehabilitacija, 6(Suppl 1), pp. 94–100.

Citing from published conference proceedings :

Skela Savič B., 2008. Teorija, raziskovanje in praksa v zdravstveni negi – vidik odgovornosti menedžmenta v zdravstvu in menedžmenta v visokem šolstvu. In: Skela Savič, B., et al. eds. Teorija, raziskovanje in praksa – trije stebri, na katerih temelji sodobna zdravstvena nega: zbornik predavanj z recenzijo. 1. mednarodna znanstvena konferenca , Bled 25. in 26. september 2008. Jesenice: Visoka šola za zdravstveno nego, pp. 38–46.

Štemberger Kolnik, T. & Babnik, K., 2012. Oblikovanje instrumenta zdravstvene pismenosti za slovensko populacijo: rezultati pilotske raziskave. In: Železnik, D., et al. eds. Inovativnost v koraku s časom in primeri dobrih praks: zbornik predavanj z recenzijo. 2. znanstvena konferenca z mednarodno udeležbo s področja zdravstvenih ved, 18. september 2012 . Slovenj Gradec: Visoka šola za zdravstvene vede, pp. 248–255.

Wagner, M., 2007. Evolucija k žensko osrediščeni obporodni skrbi. In: Drglin, Z. ed. Rojstna mašinerija: sodobne obporodne vednosti in prakse na Slovenskem. Koper: Univerza na Primorskem, Znanstveno-raziskovalno središče, Založba Annales, Zgodovinsko društvo za južno Primorsko, pp. 17–30.

Citing diploma theses or master's theses and doctoral dissertations :

Ajlec, A., 2010. Komunikacija in zadovoljstvo na delovnem mestu kot del kakovostne zdravstvene nege: diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študija. Kranj: Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za organizacijske vede, pp. 15–20.

Rebec, D., 2011. Samoocenjevanje študentov zdravstvene nege s pomočjo video posnetkov pri poučevanju negovalnih intervencij v specialni učilnici: magistrsko delo. Maribor: Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, pp. 77–79.

Kolenc, L., 2010. Vpliv sodobne tehnologije na profesionalizacijo poklica medicinske sestre: doktorska disertacija. Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za družbene vede, pp. 250–258.

Citing laws, codes and regulations:

Zakon o pacientovih pravicah (ZPacP) , 2008. Uradni list Republike Slovenije št. 15.

Zakon o preprečevanju nasilja v družini (ZPND) , 2008a. Uradni list Republike Slovenije št. 16.

Zakon o varstvu osebnih podatkov (uradno prečiščeno besedilo) (ZVOP-1-UPB1) , 2007. Uradni list Republike Slovenije št. 94.

Kodeks etike medicinskih sester in zdravstvenih tehnikov Slovenije , 2010. Uradni list Republike Slovenije št. 40.

Pravilnik o licencah izvajalcev v dejavnosti zdravstvene in babiške nege Slovenije , 2007. Uradni list Republike Slovenije št. 24.

Citing compact disk material (CD-ROM):

International Council of Nurses, 2005. ICNP version 1.0: International classification for nursing practice. [CD-ROM]. Geneva: International Council of Nurses.

Sima, Đ. & Požun, P., 2013. Zakonodaja s področja zdravstva. [CD-ROM]. Ljubljana: Društvo medicinskih sester, babic in zdravstvenih tehnikov.


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